Passai (拔塞, katakana パッサイ), also Bassai (バッサイ), is the name of a group of kata practiced in different styles of martial arts, including karate and various Korean martial arts, including Taekwondo, Tang Soo Do, and Soo Bahk Do. There are several variations of these kata, including Passai sho (拔塞小) or. Bassai Dai = Hindernis entfernen – groß. Bassai Dai = Festung einnehmen – groß. “Bassai” ist der von Gichin Funakoshi eingeführte Name der Kata. Bassai-dai kata: (To storm the fortress) (Shotokan karate katas) [John L Anderson ] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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The kata focus on the idea of changing disadvantage into advantage by strong and courageous response, switching blocks and differing degrees of power.
Passai – Wikipedia
The feeling of kata should be precise, with fast execution of technique and attention given to appropriate balance between speed and power. The origins of this kata are obscure, however there are several theories as to its history.
Of the Okinawan versions of Passaia clear evolutionary link can be seen from Matsumura no Passai named after the legendary Sokon Matsumurato Oyadomari no Passai named after the Tomari-te karate master Kokan Oyadomariand then onto the Passai of Anko Itosu who popularized karate by introducing it into the curriculum of Okinawan schools.
The Matsumura version has a distinct Chinese flavour, whereas the Oyadomari version is more “Okinawanized”.
It was further modified by Itosu, and is thought to have created a “sho” Passai sho form of it. The Tomari style which incorporated Oyadomari no Passai was passed down the Oyadomari family for three generations, originally taught by a Chinese living in Tomari possibly named Ananwho “used very light techniques”.
The Okinawan versions include powerful blocking and angular defense against attacks from multiple directions. This form is at least years old based on a carbon tested, silk drawing of the formand is a family form Passai is the name of a family in Okinawa. The creator of the form was left-handed.
If the practitioner keeps that in mind, some more of the hidden techniques of the form will become visible. The Okinawans did not have a clear definition for the name ” Passai ” for Funakoshi to translate into Japanese, so he substituted it with a similar-sounding kanji” Bassai “.
This can be literally translated to mean “extract from a fortress” or “remove an obstruction”. This is thought to be in reference to the power with which the kata should be executed, emphasizing energy generation from the hips and waist. However, eai designation of Bassai by the Japanese does not appear to have a direct relation to movements in the kata or its origins. The Shorin-ryu version of Passai bears a close resemblance to Oyadomari no Passaiand is a much softer kata than Shotokan’s Bassai dai.
Shotokan Kata – Bassai Dai
Further evidence that Passai has roots in Tomari city is that Passai dai starts with the right akta covered by the left hand, like other kata thought to have originated there, such as JitteJionJiin and Empi.
This hand gesture is a common salutation in China. However, there is some contention between researchers as to if there was a separate Tomari school of karate. The suffix – dai means “large” and – sho “small”. Hence, Passai sho is a shorter variation on Passai and also bears some resemblances to Bassai daiindicating this kata may have been born out of combining elements of Passai and Passai sho. One notable point is that bunkai describes it as a defense against a bo.
Itosu is thought to have created this from a version of Bassai practiced in Shuri city. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the archaeological site in Greece, see Bassae. This article possibly contains original research.
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Kata, Bassai Dai
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