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El Maximato. DK The Maximato took place from Solidified political system; Enfasized creation of Mexican Identity (feeling of. Maximato was a period in the historical and political development of Mexico ranging from to That period was named after Plutarco Elías Calles, who. Plutarco Elías Calles: Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican military and political leader who modernized the revolutionary armies and later became president of Mexico.

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Some of his accomplishments included the establishment of several financial institutions, the restoration of public education, and the implementations of laws related to private charity and monopolies. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Under his presidency social legislation promised by the Mexican constitution of was introduced for the first time, including a minimum wage and the 8-hour working day.

He promoted the trade union movement and protected the workers against the ambition of company leaders. A History of Modern Mexico, Northern Illinois University During the Maximato, Calles became increasingly authoritarian. InCalles forced Ortiz Rubio to step down because of the latter’s appointment of several anti-Callists in public functions.

Thank You for Your Contribution! At the time of his arrest, he was reportedly e, a Spanish translation of Mein Kampf. He resigned “with my hands clean of blood or money” and later in his memoir called Calles’s rule as a “thinly veiled dictatorship.

Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the…. A Latino Leader of the s”. In January the Mexican government canceled the permits of oil mexido that would not comply with the law.

First in Mexico to have distributed profits to its employees and workers cooperatives.

Plutarco Elías Calles

Cover of Time Magazine 8 December Harper Collinsp. Morones of the powerful Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers CROMwho might have been responsible for the assassination to gain power himself; and toward the assassin, Mexoco. At the time of his arrest, he was reportedly reading a Spanish translation of Mein Kampf.


eh He joined the Mexican Revolution in and began moving up the ranks soon after. Deciding that the country could not forego agricultural productivity for the sake of equity, Calles ordered a near halt to maimato land redistribution.

This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat Greenwood Press, Westport, The national mineral reserves of gold, copper, antimony, selenium, mercury, glacinium, aluminum, manganese, chromium, platinum, radioactive minerals, mineral coal, iron, sulfur, bismuth, calcium, vanadium, molybdenum, tungsten, graphite, asbestos, magnesite, phosphates, nitrates and precious stones.

Ortiz Rubio resigned in Septemberin protest at Calles’s continued wielding madimato power. Though he was becoming increasingly conservativehe sponsored agrarian, labour, and educational reforms. During his term as president, he had overseen the passage of a new labor law and inaugurated the zoo in Chapultepec Park.

In the North workers’ salaries were set at par with those of California. He did everything possible to raise the minimum wage considering the personal effort of the worker so that he could reach a level beyond covering the basic needs and those of his family and so with that better pay could, the country could prosper with a people with purchasing power. Calles’s legacy remains controversial today. In effect, the party represented the institutionalization of the new power structure that had emerged as a result of….

Revolutions in World History,aximato. Bythe new law was enacted. In those six years the more radical aspects of the revolution were methodically curbed.

President Venustiano Carranzawhose term ended inattempted to install a puppet president, Ignacio Bonillas to succeed himself. Mexicocountry of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America, after Brazil and Argentina. The Calles kexico campaign was the first populist presidential campaign in the nation’s history, as he called for land redistribution and promised equal justice, more education, additional labor rightsand democratic governance.


He led the Constitutional Army in his home state of Sonora. Maderounder whom he became a police commissioner, and his ability to align himself with the Constitutionalists led by Venustiano Carranzathe political winners of the Mexican Revolution — In his last years, he reportedly became interested in Spiritualism.

De la Huerta named Calles to the important post of Minister of War. Almostpeople on both sides died in the war. Calles was a staunch anticlerical and during his term as president, he moved to enforce the anticlerical articles of the Constitution ofwhich led to a violent and lengthy conflict known as the Cristero Rebellion or the Cristero Warwhich was characterized by reprisals and counter-reprisals.

Calles could not hold the presidency again, due to restrictions on re-election without an interval out of power, but he remained the dominant figure in Mexico. President of Mexico — Calles was a supporter of Francisco I. A History of Modern Mexico, There were two solutions to the crisis. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see mexuco similar or related subjects are covered. Firstly, an interim msxico was to be appointed followed by new elections. Webarchive template wayback links.

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Pascual Ortiz Rubio – Wikipedia

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of This name uses Spanish naming customs: Cambridge University Presspp. The effects of Calles’s policy on the Church were profound.

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