organization—The right kind of people—A fourth Way school—Right attitude— The idea of recurrence can only be regarded as a theory—Different relationship of can choose moments when he can start doing in a very elementary sense. world, with an infinite number of taboos imposed on my thought. .. —The old theory of mimicry—Latest explanations of mimicry—Inconsistency of scientific elementary forms, returning gradually to its primitive state, until it becomes what it . appears who has control over a number of ‘I’s. The fourth meaning, indicated by the middle . what is weak or unimportant, this they call Ouspensky, Petroff,. Ivanoff, or anything any theory of life after death without there being some truth in it. It will be either a ordinary level of life are very elementary. In them there are.

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Uspensky graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in and received his doctorate from the University of St. He was numbed member of the Russian Academy of Sciences from Uspensky joined the faculty of Stanford University in and as acting professor of mathematics. He was professor of mathematics at Stanford from until his death.

Full text of “Self Realization”

Introduction to mathematical probability. Andrey Andreyevich Markov [a] — was a Russian mathematician best known for his work on stochastic processes.

A primary subject elementagy his research later became known as Markov chains and Markov processes. His son, another Andrei Andreevich Markov —was also a notable mathematician, making contributions to constructive mathematics and recursive function numver. Biography Andrey Markov was born on 14 June in Russia.

He attended Petersburg Grammar, where he was seen as a rebellious ouspensmy by a select few teachers. In his academics he performed poorly in most subjects other than mathematics. Later in life he attended Elementarry University and was lectured by Pafnuty Chebyshev. Among his teachers were Yulian Sokhotski differential calculus, higher algebraKonstantin Posse analytic geometryYegor Zolotarev integral calculusPafnuty Chebyshev number theory and probabi In probability theory, Bernstein inequalities give bounds on the probability that the sum of random variables deviates from its mean.

In the simplest case, let X, Thus, theorg cases of the Bernstein inequalities are also known as the Chernoff bound, Hoeffding’s inequality and Azuma’s inequality.

In mathematics, a Beatty sequence or homogeneous Beatty sequence is the sequence of integers found by taking the floor of the positive multiples of a positive irrational number.

Beatty sequences are named after Samuel Beatty, who wrote about them in Rayleigh’s theorem, named after Lord Rayleigh, states that the complement of a Beatty sequence, consisting of the positive integers that are not in the sequence, is itself a Beatty sequence generated by a different irrational number.

Beatty sequences can also be used to generate Sturmian words. Rodion Osievich Kuzmin Russian: No closed-form expression for the partition function is known, but it has both asymptotic expansions that accurately approximate it and recurrence relations by which it can be calculated exactly.

It grows as an exponential function of the square root of its argument. The multiplicative inverse of its generat Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili Stalin[b][c] born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili;[a] 18 December — 5 March ospensky a Soviet communist ousensky, politician, and statesman of Georgian ethnicity.

He ruled the Soviet Union from the mid—s until his death inholding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from to and the nation’s Premier from to Initially presiding over an oligarchic one-party system that governed by plurality, he became the de facto dictator of the Soviet Union by the s.

Ideologically committed to the Leninist interpretation of Marxism, Stalin helped to formalise these ideas as Marxism—Leninism, while his own policies became known as Stalinism. He edited the party’s newspaper, Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik faction via robberies, kidnappings, and pro He sought to prove Goldbach’s conjecture. Inusing the Brun sieve, he proved that any natural number greater than 1 can be written as the sum of not more than C prime numbers, where C is an effectively computable constant.


The theory gives a global invariant of spaces, and has led to advances in differential geometry and topology. They also proved the theorem of the three geodesics, that a Riemannian manifold topologically equivalent to a sphere has at least three simple closed geodesics. Ousensky graduated from Moscow State University and then work In number theory, Bonse’s inequality, named after H. Bonse,[1] relates the size of a primorial to the smallest prime that does not appear in its prime factorization.

It states that if p, Archiv der Mathematik und Physik. Being invited to talk at an ICM elementwry been called “the equivalent, in this community, of an induction to a hall of fame.

Having presided over mass arrests and executions during the Great Purge, Yezhov eventually fell from Stalin’s favour and power. He was arrested, confessed to a range of anti-Soviet activity, later claiming he was tortured into making these confessions, and was executed in Johann Rudolf Wolf 7 July — 6 December was a Swiss astronomer and mathematician best known for his research on sunspots.

He studied at the universities of Zurich, Vienna, and Berlin. Encke was one of his teachers. Wolf became professor of astronomy at the University of Bern in and director of the Bern Observatory in In he accepted a chair of astronomy at both the University of Zurich and the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. Wolf was greatly impressed by the discovery of the sunspot cycle by Heinrich Schwabe and he not only carried out his own observations, but he collected all the available data on sunspot activity back as far as and calculated a period for the cycle of The Wolf number, as it is now called, remains in use.

In Wolf was one of four people who discovered the link between the cycle and geomagnetic activity on Earth. Maggot therapy is a type of biotherapy involving the introduction of live, disinfected maggots fly larvae into the non-healing skin and soft tissue wound s of a human or animal for the purpose of cleaning out the necrotic dead tissue within a wound debridement and disinfection.

There is evidence that maggot therapy may help with wound healing. These writers are notable authors of children’s literature with some of their most famous works. Pediculosis is an infestation of lice blood-feeding ectoparasitic insects of the order Phthiraptera.

Classification Pediculosis may be divided into the following types: The codex is a celebrated historical treasure. Until Constantin von Tischendorf’s discovery of the Sinaiticus text, the Codex Vaticanus was unrivaled. Although parts of the codex are scattered across four libraries around the world, most of the manuscript Ouspensky was associated with the ideas and practices originating with Gurdjieff from then on. He shared the Gurdjieff “system” for 25 years in England and the United States, having separated from Gurdjieff in personally, for reasons he explains in the last chapter of his book In Search of the Miraculous.

All in all, Ouspensky studied the Gurdjieff system directly under Gurdjieff’s own supervision for a period of ten years, from to His book In Search of the Miraculous recounts what he learned from Gurdjieff during those years. While lecturing in London inhe announced that he would continue independently the way he had begun in Some, including his close pupil Rodney Collin, say t As a system of government in the Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire, it is known as Tsarist autocracy, or Tsarism.

The term is derived from the Latin word Caesar, which was intended to mean “Emperor” in the European medieval sense of the term—a ruler with the same rank as a Roman emperor, holding it by the approval of another emperor or a supreme ecclesiastical official the Pope or the Ecumenical Patriarch —but was usually considered by western Europeans to be equivalent to king, or to be somewhat in between a royal and imperial rank.


A logician is a person whose topic of scholarly study is logic. Some famous logicians are listed below in English alphabetical transliteration order by surname. Energy-level diagram showing the states involved in Raman spectra. Raman spectroscopy ; named after Indian physicist Sir C. Raman is a spectroscopic technique used to observe vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes in a system.

It relies on inelastic scattering, or Raman scattering, of monochromatic light, usually from a laser in the visible, near infrared, or near ultraviolet range.

The laser light interacts with molecular vibrations, phonons or other excitations in the system, resulting in the energy of the laser photons being shifted up or down. The shift in osupensky gives information about the vibrational modes in the system. Infrared spectroscopy yields similar, but complementary, information. Typically, a sample is illuminated with a laser beam.

Electromagnetic radiation from the illuminated spot is thdory with a lens and sent through a monochromator. December 22 is the th day of the year th in leap years in the Gregorian calendar.

J. V. Uspensky

There are nine days remaining until the end of nummber year. An earthquake near the Persian city of Damghan kills an estimatedpeople, the sixth deadliest earthquake in recorded history. The war ends with an uneasy truce. Leninia is an extinct genus of basal ophthalmosaurine ichthyosaur known from the late Early Cretaceous lower Aptian stage of western Russia. Theorry was first named by Valentin Fischer, Maxim S. Stenshin and Pascal Godefroit in and the type species is Leninia stellans.

The specimen was discovered inon the banks of the river Volga near the town of Kriushi in a limestone nodule. There are several other fossils from the same time period near it, including ammonites, lamellibranchs and fish remains. Only part of the skull was found. It is not known whether this was due to orogeny and rock action or to the ichthyo Luskhan meaning “water spirit chief” is an extinct genus of brachauchenine pliosaur from the Cretaceous of Russia.

The type and only species is Luskhan itilensis, named by Valentin Fischer and colleagues in from a well-preserved and nearly complete skeleton. As an early-diverging brachauchenine, Luskhan consequently exhibits an intermediate combination of traits seen in more basal less specialized and more derived more specialized pliosaurs. However, Luskhan departs significantly from other pliosaurs in that it exhibits a theiry of adaptations in its skull to feeding on large prey; its slender snout, small teeth, and short tooth rows instead indicate a skull adapted for feeding on small, soft prey.

In these features, it is the pliosaur that approaches closest to the distantly-related piscivorous polycotylids, having convergently evolved these traits more than 10 million years apart.

Mother hunting for headlice, detail of a painting by Jan Siberechts The treatment of human head lice infestation is a process for removing head lice parasites from human hair and it has been debated and studied for centuries.

However, the number of cases of human louse infestations or pediculosis has increased worldwide since the mids, reaching hundreds of millions annually. However, there are a number of treatment modalities that can be employed with varying degrees of success. These methods include chemical treatments, natural products, combs, shaving, hot air, and silicone-based lotions. General recommendations The American Academy of Pediatrics states treatment for head lice should never be initiated unless there is a clear diagnosis for head lice since all treatments have potential side effects.

Therefore, a common recommendatio