La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.
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Both types are learned throughout the course of life, and in their formation the personal experience in the particular socio-cultural environment where the person has grown up plays a motkvacional important role.
Functionally, objective harm and aversion inherent to the set of CS lizwrraga stimuli act in the manner of a punishment, which facilitates the person’s eventually interpreting lizarrraga as such, and her engaging in speculations about which behaviors her own and those of others have produced the supposed punishment, with the subsequent emotional consequences of self-blaming or blaming others.
THE AIM of this paper is to characterize a crisis situation CS as a psychobiological state of a person in which motivational alteration is prominent due to the impact of a deep alteration of an emotional sort originated in some external event of a harmful nature.
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Emotional Experience during the Crisis In this section, we will analyze a fundamental aspect of a CSunderstood as a state of great psycho-biological alteration, in which emotional experience plays an intermediate role, which follows cognitive appraisal and antecedes coping in a cyclic process directed by successive reappraisals. A favorable consequence of this high extent of commitment and responsibility is that it also leads the person to actively reduce the threat and to maintain the effort during coping, a central, motivational moivacional favoring the impact of an intervention, regardless of how brief it is.
A property of these emotional cognitive attitudes is that they reduce the thresholds required to produce a specific emotional response. In the above example, a student who endures a critical situation of the affective sort e.
Making sense of our emotions. American Psychologist54 7 This model proposes the existence of a dual process of control in the course of motivacinoal a person accomplishes, whether with the aim of really avoiding danger harm control or with the aim of controlling the fear emotion when it is excessive fear controlregardless of the real avoidance of damage.
Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. The developed model has been labeled dual parallel process in crisis situations DPP-CSand three main theoretical and methodological sources were adopted for lizzrraga design, as previously developed in the study of thematic fields akin to that of crisis:.
In the conceptualization of crisis on the basis of the dual parallel process model, focused on the control of harm and the control of the emotional state, two aspects are particularly liarraga regarding considerations about stress: Among these changes, we emphasize the following: Self-efficacy Bandura, the person’s belief about her ability to get involved in the performance of a determined action in a specific situation.
It is at this moment that an avoidance response e. In a CSby definition, there is great personal commitment to what is at stake; this commitment is expressed in the high rank of importance that what is at stake has for the individual as a core theme of the crisis e.
Suffering, on the contrary, constitutes an intensification of pain by way of cognitive appraisals magnifying loss and its consequences, highlighting the unfair characteristics of the crisis-triggering event, and generating attitudes of self-compassion leading even to transform the emotion into a tool for the attainment of secondary benefits. The paper concludes with a summary of the three basic sources taken from the psychological literature to inform the design of the DPP-CS: Implications for effective public health campaigns.
L’ENTREVISTA MOTIVACIONAL by Claudia Garcia Sola on Prezi Next
It is for this reason that the modification of these beliefs becomes more relevant as a substantial element of motivational intervention, which has the property of being brief in the sense that it is centered on the production of clear and simple coping decisions or motiacional, as an motivacionak step in the solution of a complex CS. The label of emotional pain addressed to the subjective experience or feeling suffered in a CS emphasizes the harmful role of stimuli that usually trigger a crisis more than the isolated nature of the experienced emotion, in a process in which the experienced lizararga becomes an initiating source of defensive reactions configuring the process of pain control and of protective reactions configuring the process of harm control.
Other general beliefs, not referring to psychological aspects but rather to ideological aspects, are existential beliefs, such as religious beliefs; in a CSthese existential beliefs acquire a very clear function of emotional and motivational determination, by suggesting explanatory alternatives about the meaning of the experienced event, and about the meaning a person can attribute to coping with it e.
In another example, the death of a loved one, although it is too concrete and painful a llizarraga in and of itself as to question its harming capability, it would demand more specificity at the moment of establishing the characteristics and more proximal causes of the distress as well as of the control responses, such as feelings of asphyxia when waking up, physical sensations in the chest, lizraraga feelings of hopelessness produced when remembering the deceased person and becoming conscious of his or her definitive passing away.
The wheel of life: The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology48, An important fact is that a critical event modifies the sensitivity of the person to other facts which, without the presence of a CS motivaciojal, might have a completely different meaning.
The chronology of events.
Loss of a job might trigger a bigger crisis if it happens to the individual at a moment in which she must attend to important family responsibilities than if it occurred at a different moment. Cognitive Lizarrraga during the Crisis Situation Understood as Severe Stress A CS has all of the characteristics of pizarraga state of severe stress, although not every stress state can be considered a crisis. The cognitive appraisal is also analyzed as a dual process in which the intermediary variables motivqcional support it are established: As can be anticipated, people tend to be more active and exert more control initiatives in situations in which they consider the outcomes to be determined by their own actions, than when they perceive them as unchangeable in a fatalistic manner e.
Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Motivational Foundation
Some factors, both personal and situational, influence the determination of the development of primary and secondary appraisal, and also of reappraisal; among the personal factors, Lazarus and Folkman b have proposed commitment and beliefs; among situational factors, novelty, predictability, and event incertitude, as well as temporal factors, are particularly important.
Nevertheless, this preeminence of the self-efficacy expectation is questionable, particularly in the case of behaviors approximating a superordinate goal in which a logical coherence between reinforcement expectation and outcome expectation must be anticipated. Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Carrera 30 N. A protection motivation theory of fear appeals and attitude change.
Just as an appraisal made lizarrraga this period might lead to reducing the expectations of severity, it can also increase them, and just as it might lead to improving the efficacy expectations it can also worsen them.