La incidencia de estrabismo adquirido del adulto no asociado con problemas paralíticos está en aumento. Existe una fuerte asociación entre los trastornos de la. Esotropia with nystagmus” is a distinct congenital or infantile syndrome, whose analysis revealed the following three elements: 1. Pathological convergence. La prevalencia del estrabismo se estima en torno a un % de la población, con una presencia 3 veces superior de endotropía frente a la.

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Among XT patients, vertical deviations Leia na Palavra do Presidente.

Pan-American Association of Ophthalmology

Introduction Treatment for strabismus may be either clinical, optical, or involving an association of techniques, and its purpose is to preserve and ensure adequate visual development, recover binocular vision, and establish ocular parallelism. The prevalence of esotropia decreased with age, whereas that of exotropia increased.

Results of early alignment of congenital esotropia. As previously demonstrated, surgeries performed in more than two muscles take longer than those performed in up to two muscles, 14decreasing the number of surgeries that may be performed in the same period It is difficult to compare the findings of the present study to other research, due to the methodological variability across the studies, to the fact that few studies investigated surgical strabismus alone, 13, 14and to the lack of standardization in the classification of strabismus.

Refractive Error Study in Children: Common forms of childhood exotropia. It has been found that children with strabismus are viewed negatively, and that surgery could lead to psychosocial benefits, even when there is no hope of improving visual function. Professionals with a less specific training in the treatment of strabismus may feel that they are only able to operate the simplest cases, usually involving rectus and horizontal muscles only.


Acquired palsy of the oculomotor, trochlear and abducens nerves. These surgeries require a more elaborated planning and are technically more difficult.

The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of the different types of strabismus submitted to surgical procedures in a public hospital of the Brazilian Federal District. Long-term motor and sensory outcomes after early surgery for infantile esotropia. The most frequent subtype of estrablsmos was infantile Incomplete records were excluded from the study. The prevalence of strabismus and amblyopia in Japanese elementary paraliticoe children.

Re-surgeries accounted for An association with at least one more type of deviation was seen in The type of surgery was determined by the number of muscles operated on intervention in up to two muscles, or intervention in more than two muscles.

Incidence and types of childhood exotropia: Strabismus surgery learning for ophthalmology residents of university service. The definitions used in the study followed proposals made by several authors. The global medical literature found frequencies ranging from 0.

BOTOX – Estrabismo by Mireille Montaño on Prezi

Patients were grouped into psraliticos brackets according to their ages at the time of surgery, and following the same division employed in the study of Curtis et al. Most cases were associated with other types of deviation, and needed more complex surgeries, involving more than two muscles.

Prevalence of squints and visual defects in Malaysian primary one school children.


Results surgeries were performed in the period under study. Variables included sex, age, type of strabismus, type of surgery, and re-surgeries.

.: Portal da SBO – Sociedade Brasileira de Oftalmologia :.

Their subtypes are presented in Table 1. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted through the use of frequency distribution tables for each variable studied. Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia. Patients whose medical records did not possess all the necessary information were excluded from the research.

This study expects to contribute to the planning of health measures that paralitics effectively improve the assistance provided to the population. An association between different types of deviation was found in This has also contributed to the fact that over half the surgeries needed interventions in more than two extraocular muscles.

The relationship between preoperative alignment stability and postoperative motor outcomes in children with esotropia. Likewise, we observed that there was an increased demand for surgeries involving oblique muscles, vertical rectus muscles and displacement techniques. Most surgical cases showed associated deviations, which renders programming and performing the surgery more complex.

Strabismus was classified into three main types esotropia, exotropia, and pure vertical deviationand their subtypes. Psychosocial aspects of strabismus study. Acquired oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent cranial nerve palsies in pediatric patients. New studies will be necessary in order to clarify this finding.