John Maynard Keynes coined the term “animal spirits” to refer to emotional Nobel laureate George A. Akerlof and prescient Yale economics professor Robert J. Animal spirits: how human psychology drives the economy, and why it matters for global capitalism / George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller. 23 Things They Don’t Tell You about Capitalism by Ha-Joon Chang Animal Spirits by George A. Akerlof The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money.

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However, for the sake wnimal completeness, I think the authors should endeavour to embed the concept of animal spirits in human self-interest so that the discussion is more in line with mainstream economics. Akerlof and Shiller sketch out a plausible qualitative account of what happened in the crash and the Second Depression, and offer some basic suggestions on how we might fix the problem In the end, their conclusions are modern and well-thought out.

Each spriits has its own chapter. Department of Defense, my experience would suggest quite the contrary. The authors are quite right in questioning the prevailing economic theories that have been in ascendancy since Ronald Regan. Explore the Home Gift Guide. Basically, what happens to our understanding of the macroeconomy when we stop assuming people are rational—because they’re not?

The behavior of unscrupulous mortgage originators, who sold mortgages to people they knew would be unlikely to keep up with the payments once their variable rate adjusted upward, was abetted by regulatory failure.

You aniaml not the “rational man” that economists think you are, none of us are. They have precise models that give the wrong answer. The former sppirits not a bitmap image, but more like vector graphics; you can scale and stretch the image in your mind, but it has limited detail. As a former employee of the U. Robert Shiller and George Akerlof are Nobel laureates and Keynsians who believe akrrlof government has an active role to play in macroeconomic management.

Why do people make the same mistake over and over? But long-term memory takes a spirlts different format; I think the best way to describe it is to say that the native data format for long-term memory is narrative.

They just look at what others do and do that. It presents a refreshingly new understanding of important economic phenomena that standard economic theory has been unable to explain convincingly.


The second part of the book tries to apply these “animal spirits” to real-world problems in macroeconomics; this is where the book comes up a little short. Although these ideas are not entirely revolutionary now, but they are necessary and important to consider.

No trivia or quizzes yet. They repeatedly stress the need for decisive action targeted at restoring credit flows, and that the overall stimulus from the government needs to be much larger than would otherwise be the case due to akerpof low levels of confidence about short and medium term economic prospects.

Great book discussing the benefits and drawbacks of a capitalist economy where the “the invisible hand” is at work. Such as the repeatedly told story that house prices will always rise, which caused many additional people to invest in housing following anlmal dot com bust of The other part of this book that I really liked was the discussion of the cultural values of spending and saving in the United States as opposed to East Asia.

Apr 29, Ed rated it it was amazing. Akerlof and Stiller think they can explain all the recessions of the past or rather specifically the non-oil-related peacetime recessions by their model; and that would be useful, to be sure. As someone who trained as an economist and who has been digesting the implications of behavioural economics for economic theory, this book takes the story further: Why is empirical evidence used so sparingly?

Add feorge to Cart Add both to List. East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. Dec 22, Sagar Jethani rated it it was ok Shelves: AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally.

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The authors state that recent research now supports the concept of animal spirits much more robustly than Keynes was able to, and they express the hope that fellow economists can be convinced of this, thus reducing the internecine disputes that prevent their discipline from providing the clear support that politicians need for the aggressive action required to fix the — economic crises.

Akerlof introduced important theories showing the impact of asymmetric information, moral hazard and adverse selection. The authors assert that the Keynesian Revolution was emasculated as Keynesians progressively relegated the importance of animal spirits to accommodate the views of economists who preferred the simpler classical or neo-classical system.

Sep 19, Patrick rated it really liked it.

Animal Spirits (book) – Wikipedia

The investment community will recognize Shiller as the prescient economist who predicted the collapse of Animal Spirits is a book about macroeconomics with an interesting twist. Akerlof and Shiller have stumbled upon a premise that has haunted mainstream economists for forty years and has been a driving force in Austrian Economics for even longer: The book calls for a revamping of conventional economics to factor these animal spirits into conventional economic thinking.


This idea is illustrative of the authors’ main point on the heavy influence of human psychology on the economy. I found this book to be a significant disappointment. Examples would be the recent, ill-fated real estate mania in the United States or the malaise on the part of business operators in FDR’s second ter Two Nobel Prize-winning economists, George Akerlof and Robert Schiller, use their version of Keynes’s theory of “animal spirits” to explain past financial crises and how economies grow.

Basically, he says the behavioral economics is true, and pretty much claims to have thought of it. The preface goes on to describe how Keynes’ ideas suggest the economy will function best with a moderately high level of government intervention, which they compare to a happy home where children thrive with parents that are neither too authoritarian as in a Marxist economy nor too permissive as in a neoliberal economy.

The book did lead me to think differently about economics, but I found the Keynesian prescriptions of government less useful. We are hard-wired for a fairness ethic — at least where fair exchange is concerned.

Animal Spirits by George Akerlof, Robert Shiller

Economics is a social science and therefore far more complicated. Economists use too simple a model of how people enter into buying and selling transactions exchanges. That is why this is only the dawn. Is this feature helpful? Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. The Economics of Manipulation and Deception. The book was reasonably interesting if you like that kind of thing.

They akerlkf failed to follow their “animal spirits” idea to its logical conclusion, that the unpredictable nature of human behavior severely limits the utility of economics as a science.