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Regarding the minimum and maximum values of RR, Group I had a minimum value of 14 irpm normal value and a maximum value of 40 irpm intense tachypnea ; Group II presented a minimum value of 13 irpm mild bradycardia and a maximum value of 26 irpm discrete tachypnea.
The most important change occurred in Group I, with a minimum value of SpO 2 with marked hypoxemia. Increased RR promotes shorter, faster, and shallower respiratory cycles and, according to their intensity, can significantly alter breath quality 8.
Thus, the findings of this research showed that in the first 24 postoperative hours, the respiratory rate of the individuals of both Group I and Group II occurred a priori without significant impairment, making up a respiratory pattern considered normal to discretely altered. Ramos GC, et al. Except for the isolated values of extremes above or below the reference laparotlma, in both groups there was a significant normality of these two parameters.
The balance of the exploratoriz from the 1st postoperative day reflects positively on the other post-surgical recovery days 4 5. Oaparotoma were analyzed statistically using the BioEstat 5.
Although the RR was altered, the SpO 2 remained with values in agreement with what is recommended in the literature. Regardless of the type of surgery that the patients in each group underwent, they did not cause significant respiratory impairment, both clinically and statistically Table 1. January 21, ; Accepted: There was a significant normality in the parameters of the analyzed variables in both groups, thus allowing an adequate pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange.
In this sense, this study aimed to evaluate and laparoyoma the respiratory rate and oxygen saturation of patients in the postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy in the first 24 hours after the surgical procedure.
It was not the purpose of the study to evaluate the patient on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of post-surgical recovery and to measure blood gas levels by arterial blood gas analysis; however, based on the results expporatoria the aforementioned study, it is highlighted that the respiratory rate has an influence on the concentration of CO 2 and O 2 in the blood, and the more it is altered and closer to the physiological value, the lower the changes in the saturation of these gases.
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En caso de urgencia, llame al servicio de emergencias. Material and Method This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study with 63 patients seen between November and April Data related to respiratory rate RR and oxygen saturation SpO 2 were extracted from the questionnaire.
Durante las primeras dos semanas, descanse y evite levantar objetos. In some cases, it may lead to atelectasis, hypoxemia and pneumonia 2 3. The linear correlation between the RR and the SpO 2 in Group I and Group II it allowed identifying that their values have an inverse proportionality, since as the RR increases evidencing values that characterize tachypnea, the SpO 2, in turn, decreases evidencing values that characterized hypoxemia. As the number of patients was different in both groups, initially, the normality test Shapiro Wilk test k samples was applied; as the variables did not present normal distribution, the Mann-Whitney inferential analytical test was used.
Patients with pre-existing pneumopathies, patients with a postoperative period of more than 24 hours, patients in clinical situations that were unable to answer to the questionnaire, such as a severe clinical condition, cognitive alteration or mental disorder, were excluded from the study.
All the 63 patients treated during the study period were divided into two groups according to the type of surgical procedure to which they were submitted.
Laparotomia exploratoria em equinos 
However, if it does not occur significantly and the RR remains normal, stable or without significant changes, it means that there was effective control and organic adaptation of the pulmonary ventilation. RR and SpO 2 present a correlation, in which adequate pulmonary ventilation promotes the supply of alveolar O 2 required for gas exchange and to guarantee satisfactory levels of SpO 2 8.
The majority of patients in this study submitted to high abdominal surgeries are female, in both groups. As a limitation of this study, it was not possible to evaluate all parameters referring to the respiratory pattern due to the lack of spirometry devices that would allow measuring pulmonary capacities and volumes. To evaluate and compare the respiratory rate and oxygen saturation of patients in the immediate postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy.
Call Aspen Medical Group at Se le puede solicitar que deje de tomar algunos medicamentos durante hasta una semana antes del procedimiento, tales como: Subsequently, the correlation between the two variables in the two groups was analyzed using the Spearman test.
Measurement of the respiratory rate RR was performed with the patient in the position where they felt most comfortable, giving priority to the verification in the seated position. Algunos factores que pueden aumentar el riesgo de complicaciones incluyen: Aproximadamente 1 a 4 horas. In Group II, the mean age was Thus, it did not reduce exponentially the tidal volume and consequently did not impair gas exchange and perfusion.
Patients of both sexes, aged from 18 to 59 years, in the immediate postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy Group I and cholecystectomy Group II participated in the study.
Conclusion Regardless of the surgical procedures performed, the respiratory pattern remained normal to minimally altered and, in these individuals, there was no direct interference of these surgeries on the respiratory function that caused a significant clinical alteration of respiration.
Originales Exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy: Studies have shown that some level of limitation in pulmonary ventilation is common in laparotomy and cholecystectomy surgeries, considering factors inherent to the surgical procedure, such as pain, diaphragmatic dysfunction, incision extension and proximity to the respiratory system, surgery time and type of anesthesia, which can result in restrictive respiratory disorders 9 Associated with these variables, the therapy adopted in the postoperative period, the drug therapy and the general care have shown to be effective in the stability, control and return of homeostasis.
ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and compare the respiratory rate and oxygen saturation of patients in the immediate postoperative period of exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy. The median values obtained are within that recommended by the literature, and therefore indicate that there was no negative clinical change in this parameter Table 1. Regardless of the surgical procedures performed, the respiratory pattern remained normal to minimally altered and, in these individuals, there was no direct interference of these surgeries on the respiratory function that caused a significant clinical alteration of respiration.
The influence of respiratory rate on blood gases in individuals on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd laparotomz days of emergency exploratory laparotomy shows little expressive variations of RR in the first 3 postoperative days with averages that remain above 20 irpm, but do not exceed 30 irpm, being considered mild tachypnea. Exploratory laparotomy and cholecystectomy: