Image of Lepidosiren paradoxa (South American lungfish) Etymology: Lepidosiren: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, seiren = a mythological serpent, (Ref. Expert(s). Expert: Eschmeyer, W. N.. Notes: California Academy of Sciences. Reference for: Lepidosiren paradoxa. Other Source(s). Source: Catalog of Fishes. Aestivation in the South American lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa: effects on cardiovascular function, blood gases, osmolality and leptin levels.

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The function of the filaments is much debatable as of the present. Lepidosiren paradoxa was the first living species of lungfish to be formally named Alves-Gomes pafadoxa al. Other behaviors, such as social structures and interaction with other species are largely unknown due to the lack of research on this species.

South American lungfish

Lepidosiren paradoxa prey on some small bony fish, shrimp, clams, snails, and insects Berra, Lepidosiren paradoxa is a solitary species. They live by themselves in burrows that they construct in swamps or lakes Alves-Gomes et al. Berra, Development – Life Cycle metamorphosis Reproduction There is very little information on the mating systems of Lepidosiren paradoxa.

Lepidosiren paradoxa eat a variety of food items including some bony fishalgae and weeds, terrestrial plants stemsshrimp, insects, clams, and snails Berra, Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. They are mostly inactive, laying in the muddy or shallow water close to the surface in order to breathe.


The nest is then lepidosoren by the male parent. Details of the range of L.

South American lungfish (Lepidosiren paradoxa) longevity, ageing, and life history

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Lepidosirenids show a clear vicariance pattern that is consistent lepidosiden the separation of the African and South American continents during the Cretaceous Moderate vulnerability 43 of Bemis and Lauder, Because of their relationship with both fish and tetrapods, lungfish are a very important evolutionary step.

These fish can grow up to cm in length Baensch et al.

In contrast, the more primitive Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus fosteripossesses surfactant that is almost identical to primitive air-breathing actinopterygiian fish Orgeig, Synapomorphy of the Bilateria.

Juveniles, which are strictly aquatic, feed on larval insects and snails. Retrieved 30 June The males can increase the oxygen level in the burrow because during breading paraeoxa the pelvic fins develop highly vascularized, gill-like, feathery structures which perform a function opposite to those of gills: Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over paradoxxa seasons or periodic condition changes.

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Lepidosiren paradoxa – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Lepidosiren paradoxa has not been well studied in terms of life span, but the studies that have been conducted show that the average lifespan of this species is a little more that eight years, both in the wild and in captivity. Adult males develop vascular filaments lepidosireen their paired fins which function either as auxillary to respiration so that they can breathe air without leaving the nest or the fin filaments permit the emission of aerially obtained oxygen in to the paradlxa water, causing the oxygenation of the water surrounding the eggs Ref.


Newly hatched Lepidosiren paradoxa resemble amphibian tadpoles. South American lungfish capture prey by suction feeding. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis. Spawning occurs during the wet season. Known Predators There is no information on known predators.

Orgeig and Daniels, After this time, they become obligate air breathers and regression of the external gills begins Berra, Atlas des poissons d’eau douce de Guyane. Additional common names include American mud-fish [5] and scaly salamanderfish. Ecosystem Roles This species influences the neotropical ecosystem of the Amazon Basin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Human uses

There is not a lot known about communication and perception in Lepidosiren paradoxa. Lepidosirenidae BonaparteGenus: During the rainy season, reproduction begins. A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows.

In times of drought, they can burrow in the mud up to 50 cm to avoid drying out Berra,